As far as form is concerned, in most cases a letter is based on the consensual. Although tights can in principle be concluded orally, the parties can guarantee solid evidence. Some transactions will even require legal formality. An image is provided by the BGB, which indicates that the purchase of a house must be concluded before the notary (s. 311b I 1 BGB) or, failing that, considered invalid (s. 125 BGB). This paragraph also applies to letters of condolence that are considered invalid if they do not meet these formal requirements. It could affect the entire contract that would invalidate it (s. 139 BGB). A letter of assistance should create legally applicable rights and obligations; However, in certain circumstances, it may simply have a moral effect.
In the primary contract, special attention should be paid to the choice of the legal provision and the entire contractual clause. The choice of the legal provision may have different consequences that affect the secondary letter. These consequences may result from the application of national international public order policy, national imperative provisions or national rules. If a full contractual clause is included in the primary contract, the letter is concluded under the primary contract. In order to make the date and/or closing time of the two documents visible, the proof is then facilitated. We are regularly asked to document an amendment or clarification of a contract or lease by creating a secondary letter, sometimes at the last minute. They are seen as a convenient way to deal with certain issues, often at the time of completion or exchange. This may be due, for example. B, to the fact that the secondary problem is only a temporary or personal problem, or to avoid processing an approved and signed document with fair copy. This is a hot zone at the moment, as many tenants are asking landlords for concessions to ease the terms of their existing leases during the downturn caused by the De Covid 19 pandemic. Note that defined terms are not printed in bold, which is a good practice (contrary to the definition in normal chords).