The annexes to the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, which has never been published, should limit the fighting. According to a well-placed source, the Taliban were allowed to continue their operations in rural areas, but not in major cities. In the weeks that followed, we knew why. While insurgent attacks on international troops have ceased, fighting with Afghan security forces has continued. The agreement was signed by U.S. Special Envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban political leader Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo as witnesses. Another problem is that the recent Afghan presidential elections were contested and led to a divided and dysfunctional government in Kabul. As two opponents declare themselves the winners, no one is responsible in Kabul anymore. Since the next step in the peace agreement is to hold talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government, a divided and broken government in Kabul complicates this next step. A few days later, Trump said the talks were „dead“ after the group killed an American soldier. But within weeks, the two sides resumed behind-the-scenes discussions. Tensions between Taliban leaders escalated on 29 February 2020, when political leaders preparing for the signing of the agreement called for a reduction in violence.
Instead of watching the violence reduce, many of the country`s commanders continue to attack. While these commanders welcome the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Afghanistan, they are cautious when negotiating with a Kabul government they do not trust. Conference Call with Rina Amiri November 18, 2020 Higher Education and Higher Webinars and Conference Calls As the agreement contains language on the various measures that the Afghan government should implement, its non-participation in the talks has created an obstacle to future negotiations and has angered Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and other Afghan officials. Specifically, in the agreement, the United States agreed that up to 5,000 Taliban prisoners would be released by the Afghan government as a „sign of trust“ between the Taliban and the Kabul government by March 10, 2020, and the Taliban would release 1,000 prisoners they keep at the same time.