In reality, it is impossible to say what might happen, but it highlights the complexity of cross-cutting trade negotiations. In 2019, the Uk provided just over half (55%) domestic consumption of food. To fully maintain supermarket shelves following a hard Brexit, which is not a trade deal with the EU, some experts believe the UK should harness the Commonwealth`s potential for its agricultural products. However, because of the remote interests and commercial interests of the countries concerned, the Commonwealth alone is not a viable trading partner. Agreement was also reached on an integrated agenda to address areas of interest in the future that could not be resolved during the negotiations. These include issues related to market access, regional accumulation, export taxes, technical barriers to trade, geographical indications and electronic certifications. Reality check: what are the tariffs on trade with Africa? Razia Khan, of Standard Chartered Bank, said: „In the short term, there will be greater uncertainty in the outlook, although the UK`s offer to extend two-year trade agreements has mitigated it to some extent to deal with this uncertainty.“ This means that the UK`s trade relations with Africa will remain unchanged by 2020, under the various existing EU agreements with the continent. In 2020, the UK has made some progress in concluding a series of trade agreements with countries across the continent, which recreate existing trade blocs and the EU directly with the UK and allow trade between the UK and those countries to continue under the same conditions after Brexit. These existing agreements are called „economic partnership agreements“ and currently exist between the EU and 14 African countries. EPA partners in Africa do not pay tariffs or tariffs on their exports to the EU and are required to partially open their markets to the EU (about 80%) and enjoy long transitional periods. The United Kingdom has concluded negotiations on the EPA rollover with the following blocks: in a small room of the University for Ghana Development (UDS), a team of Ghanaian and British researchers exchange agricultural ideas in boiling heat. The University of York team is on the Tamale campus for a 6-month collaboration with its West African counterparts.
Their work focuses on the potential of small farmers in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) as future suppliers of products to the UK. Learn more about the trade agreements already signed by the UK and our discussions with the countries with which the EU has a trade agreement. Beyond 2020, trade agreements between many African countries and a fully sealed United Kingdom will remain the same as part of a series of continuity agreements. As has already been said, trade negotiations are complex and require time and resources. If you experience trade problems during the transition period, please contact your local international trade advisor. While this short-term uncertainty over trade conditions is expected to have a negative impact on trade between the UK and many African countries, some commentators believe that Brexit will provide the UK and some countries with the medium-term opportunity to increase trade in certain goods and services, while allowing longer-term more concentrated and lower trade agreements and foreign direct investment.