Sanitary or phytosanitary measures in accordance with international standards, guidelines or recommendations shall be considered necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health and shall be considered compatible with the relevant provisions of this Convention and GATT 1994. 4. This Agreement shall not affect the rights of members of the Convention on Technical Barriers to Trade with respect to measures which do not fall within the scope of this Agreement. During the Tokyo Round of multilateral trade negotiations (1974-1979), an agreement on technical barriers to trade was negotiated (1979 TBT Convention or „standardization code“) (see note 2). The 1979 OEE Agreement contained provisions on the settlement of trade disputes arising from the application of food safety and other technical restrictions. Among the main WTO „cases“ concerning the implementation of SPS measures are: what are sanitary and phytosanitary measures? Does the SPS agreement cover measures taken by the country to protect the environment? The interests of consumers? Animal welfare? The OEE (Technical Barriers to Trade) Agreement covers all technical rules, standards and voluntary procedures to ensure compliance with them, unless they are sanitary or phytosanitary measures within the meaning of the SPS Convention. . . .